In the 2011-12 school year, African-Americans made up 32 percent of Oakland's students but 63 percent of the students suspended. In middle schools, principals suspended about 1 out of 3 black boys. The US Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights investigated whether the discipline was discriminatory. Before making a legal finding, OCR collaborated with the district last fall on a five-year voluntary resolution plan to reduce suspensions, expulsions, and the racial disparity. Restorative justice has been integrated into about a dozen schools and is spreading cutting suspensions in half in just a year.
Link to full article: Restorative Justice: One High School's Path to Reducing Suspensions by Half