Addressing the Root Causes of Disparities in School Discipline

Developed by the National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments, this guide provides tools to assess and systematically address disparities in school discipline. It describes how to carry out a descriptive analysis of disparities in school discipline and how to conduct a root cause analysis to systematically address school-based factors that contribute to disparities. These analyses should result in an actionable understanding of who is being disparately disciplined and what is happening to them, the systemic causes of disparities in school discipline and why they occur, and how you can reduce and eliminate disparities in school discipline. The guide offers a suite of resources including but not limited to a discipline data checklist, data mining decision tree tip sheet, a disciplinary disparities risk assessment tool, an action plan template, and a root cause diagnostic tree.